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Elements of Narrative Writing
Due Date: 10/11/2017
Subject: 7th Grade English

Elements of Narrative Writing

Remember the 5 P's: Plot, People, Place, Point, Perspective



The plot is what happens in the story.

The plot is made up of a series of events.

5 C's - Characters, Conflict, Complications, Climax, & Conclusion

Conflict- the main problem that arises.

Complications - obstacles to resolving the conflict.

Climax - what must take place for conflict to be resolved- Highest point of tension or suspense.

Conclusion - resolution of the conflict.



Characters: Direct and Indirect Characterization

Direct is what the author tells us about the character

Indirect is what we learn about a character for ourselves

Protagonist - Main Character usually good

Antagonist - usually the "VILLIAN"

Supporting characters - everyone else




Setting - Where does the story take place?This can sometimes include geography, and cultural, religious, or political background that serves as a backdrop for the plot.

Time Period


Rural or City





Meaning or Theme

What is the authors purpose?

What is he/she trying to show us?

Theme- What can we learn about life from this story?




Who is the narrator and how is his/her point of view developed?

This also includes author's craft- figurative language, symbolism, tone, mood, etc.

Diction: the choice or use of words in speech or writing.Stream of

Consciousness: the character's thoughts are open to the reader presented as a flow of ideas.



Point of View:

1st Person - when the narrator is inside the story; telling the story as a character who says "I."

3rd Person Omniscient - narrator is outside of the story but still tells what the characters are thinking.

3rd Person Limited - narrator is outside of the story and gives feelings of main character only, all others are objective.

3rd Person Objective - narrator does not know the feelings of any characters.

2nd Person - narrator relling the story with "you" - very rarely happens.



Figurative Language
Due Date: 9/14/2017
Subject: 7th Grade English

Simile - A figure of speech comparing two unlike things using like or as. "She's as sweet as pie."

Metaphor - A figure of speech comparing two unlike things without using like or as. "The world is a book and those who do not travel read only one page."

Personification - Representation of a thing or idea taking on human characteristics. "The sun danced across the sky."

Hyperbole - Exaggeration "I'm so hungry I could eat a horse."

Onomatopoeia - Naming a thing or action by a vocal imitation of the sound it's associated with. "Boom! Snap! Crackle!"